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  • Dr. Allison Andre, DPT

A Journey Through Meditation: Styles, Themes, and Benefits for a Better You

Meditation is a practice that has been around for thousands of years, but it is still relevant and beneficial for our modern lives. Meditation can help us reduce stress, improve focus, enhance creativity, and cultivate happiness.

I find that through consistent practice of meditation, I am better able to manage stress and anxiety, and maintain a positive outlook on life. Additionally, meditation has helped me improve my focus and concentration, allowing me to be more productive and efficient in my daily tasks. Overall, I consider meditation to be an essential part of my daily routine and a valuable tool for promoting both my physical and mental wellbeing.

Mindfullness meditation

There are many different types of meditation, each with its own purpose and technique. From mindfulness to mantra, chakra to loving-kindness, each type of meditation has its own unique approach and benefits.

Whether you're a beginner or an experienced meditator, this guide will give you a deeper understanding of the different techniques and help you choose the right type of meditation to enhance your practice and improve your mental and physical health.



  1. 5 Benefits of All Meditation Techniques

    1. Meditation helps calm your mind

    2. Meditation helps you gain Mindfulness

    3. Meditation improves your breathwork

    4. Meditation promotes relaxation

    5. Meditation improves non-judgmental awareness

  2. What is mindfulness Meditation?



Regardless the style of meditation you choose to practice, there are common principles practices and benefits. ,These include:


All forms of meditation involve focusing the mind, whether it is on a particular object, sensation, thought, or the breath. The aim is to calm the mind and become more aware of the present moment.


Most forms of meditation involve cultivating mindfulness, which is the practice of paying attention to the present moment without judgment or distraction. This can help to develop greater awareness and understanding of one's thoughts, emotions, and physical sensations.


Many forms of meditation involve working with the breath, using it as a tool to help focus the mind and relax the body. This can involve breathing techniques such as deep breathing, slow breathing, or alternate nostril breathing.


All forms of meditation aim to promote relaxation and reduce stress, helping to release tension in the body and calm the mind.


Meditation encourages a non-judgmental awareness of thoughts, feelings, and sensations, allowing them to be observed without being attached to or identified with.

types of meditate

Let's delve into some popular types of meditation practices. By exploring these different types of meditation techniques, you can discover which approach resonates with you and develop a regular practice that can help you cultivate a greater sense of inner peace and wellbeing.



Mindfulness meditation has roots in Buddhist meditation practices but has been adapted and secularized for modern day use. It brings focus on being present in the moment and observing one's thoughts and feelings without judgment or distraction.

Sylvia Boorstein, an American author, psychotherapist, and teacher of mindfulness meditation describes mindfulness as "the aware, balanced acceptance of the present experience. It isn't more complicated than that. It is opening to or receiving the present moment, pleasant or unpleasant, just as it is, without either clinging to it or rejecting it."

The goal of mindfulness meditation is to develop a greater awareness of one's thoughts, feelings, and bodily sensations, and to cultivate a sense of acceptance and non-judgment towards them. This can lead to increased self-awareness, stress reduction, and improved mental and emotional well-being.


There are many different techniques and variations of mindfulness meditation, but they all share the basic principle of present-moment awareness and non-judgmental observation. It can be practiced by anyone, regardless of religious or spiritual beliefs, and is often taught in a secular context such as mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) programs. Here is a basic guide on how to practice mindfulness meditation:

  • The practitioner sits in a comfortable position, either cross-legged on the floor or in a chair, and focuses their attention on their breath, body sensations, or sounds in the environment.

  • When thoughts or distractions arise, the practitioner acknowledges them without judgment and returns their attention to their chosen focus.

  • Continue to focus on your breath and observe your thoughts, sensations and emotions without judgement to cultivate a sense of curiosity.

  • Start with a few minutes of meditation each day and gradually increase the duration as you become more comfortable. You can use a timer or an app to help you keep track of time.

  • Practice mindfulness meditation regularly, ideally every day, to build the habit and experience the benefits.

how transcendental meditation



Transcendental Meditation (TM) is a type of meditation that involves the use of a mantra, which is a word or sound that is repeated silently in the mind. It was developed by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi in the 1950s and has since become one of the most widely practiced forms of meditation around the world.

During TM, the practitioner sits in a comfortable position with their eyes closed and repeats their mantra silently in their mind for 15-20 minutes, twice a day. The mantra is chosen specifically for the individual by a TM teacher and is not shared with anyone else. The goal of TM is to achieve a state of deep relaxation and mental clarity, known as transcendence.

Maharishi Mahesh Yogi has said "Through Transcendental Meditation, the human brain can experience that level of intelligence which is an ocean of all knowledge, energy, intelligence, and bliss."

TM is often practiced for its potential benefits, which include reduced stress, improved focus and concentration, and greater overall well-being. Research has also suggested that TM can lower blood pressure, reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression, and improve brain function.

One unique aspect of TM is the way it is taught. It is typically taught one-on-one by a certified TM teacher, who provides personalized instruction and support to each student. The teaching process involves several sessions, during which the student is given their own mantra and taught the correct technique for practicing TM and is a popular form of meditation for those seeking a simple and effective technique for reducing stress and improving overall health and well-being.



Loving-kindness meditation, also known as Metta meditation, is a type of meditation that involves cultivating feelings of love, kindness, and compassion towards oneself and others. It is a core practice in Buddhist traditions but has also been adapted and secularized for modern-day use. There are many different variations of loving-kindness meditation and can be taught in a group setting or individually.

the loving kindness meditation

During loving-kindness meditation, the practitioner sits in a comfortable position, either cross-legged on the floor or in a chair, and focuses their attention on a particular person or group of people.

They then repeat a series of phrases or intentions, such as "May I be happy, may I be healthy, may I be safe, may I live with ease."

They may then extend these phrases to include other people, such as loved ones, acquaintances, strangers, and even those they may have difficulty with or hold resentment towards with the goal of cultivating feelings of warmth, empathy, and goodwill towards oneself and others. It can lead to greater self-acceptance, reduced negative emotions such as anger and resentment, and increased feelings of social connectedness and empathy towards others.

Research has also suggested that loving-kindness meditation can have positive effects on physical health, including reducing inflammation and improving immune function. It may also be helpful in treating mental health conditions such as depression and anxiety.



Chakra meditation is a type of meditation that focuses on the seven chakras, or energy centers, that are believed to be located along the spine in the Hindu and Buddhist traditions. Each chakra is associated with specific physical, emotional, and spiritual characteristics, and is thought to correspond to different aspects of the body and mind.

During chakra meditation, the practitioner may sit in a comfortable position with their back straight, and focus on each chakra in turn, using visualization and breathwork to activate and balance the energy flow within each chakra. For example:

Focusing on the root chakra, located at the base of the spine, the practitioner may visualize a red ball of energy and repeat a specific mantra, while focusing on feelings of safety, security, and grounding.
When focusing on the heart chakra, located at the center of the chest, the practitioner may visualize a green ball of energy and repeat a mantra associated with love and compassion, while focusing on feelings of connection and openness.

The goal of chakra meditation is to balance the energy flow within each chakra, and to promote physical, emotional, and spiritual well-being. It is believed that by activating and balancing the chakras, one can achieve greater self-awareness, spiritual growth, and overall harmony within the body and mind.



Guided meditation is a type of meditation that involves following the verbal guidance of a teacher, coach, or recorded voice. It is a popular form of meditation, particularly for beginners or those who struggle to maintain focus during silent meditation and can be found in a variety of formats, including recordings, apps, and videos, and are often tailored to specific audiences, such as children, athletes, or individuals seeking spiritual guidance.

During guided meditation, the practitioner is typically instructed to sit or lie down in a comfortable position, and then guided through a series of visualizations or relaxation exercises, often accompanied by calming music or nature sounds.

The guided meditation may focus on a particular theme, such as mindfulness, self-compassion, or gratitude, and may involve visualization of specific images or scenarios to help the practitioner develop greater awareness or achieve a particular goal.

Deepak Chopra, author and prominent figure in the field of alternative medicine and integrative medicine has said, "Meditation is not a way of making your mind quiet. It’s a way of entering into the quiet that’s already there – buried under the 50,000 thoughts the average person thinks every day."

Guided meditation is often used in therapeutic settings, such as to help individuals manage stress, anxiety, or depression. It can also be used for general relaxation, to improve sleep quality, or to enhance overall well-being.



Vipassana meditation is a type of mindfulness meditation that originated in the Theravada Buddhist tradition of ancient India. It involves cultivating awareness and insight into the true nature of reality through focused observation of bodily sensations, thoughts, and emotions.

"Vipassana meditation is a practice of self-transformation through self-observation. It focuses on the deep interconnection between mind and body, which can be experienced directly by disciplined attention to the physical sensations that form the life of the body, and that continuously interconnect and condition the life of the mind." – S.N. Goenka

During Vipassana meditation, the practitioner sits in a comfortable position, either cross-legged on the floor or in a chair, and focuses their attention on the breath and bodily sensations. As thoughts and emotions arise, they observe them without judgment or reaction and return their attention to the present moment.

Through continued practice, the practitioner gains insight into the impermanent and interconnected nature of all phenomena and develops a deeper understanding of the causes and effects of their thoughts and actions.

Vipassana meditation is often practiced in a silent retreat setting, with periods of extended meditation and minimal external stimuli. This intensive practice allows the practitioner to develop greater concentration and insight, and to deepen their understanding of the nature of reality.

Research has shown that Vipassana meditation can have numerous physical and psychological benefits, including reducing stress and anxiety, improving immune function, and enhancing emotional regulation and well-being.



Zen meditation, also known as Zazen, is a type of meditation that is part of the Zen Buddhist tradition. It is a simple yet powerful practice that involves sitting in a specific posture and focusing on the breath and the present moment.

During Zen meditation, the practitioner sits on a cushion on the floor or on a chair with their back straight and their hands resting in their lap. They then focus their attention on the breath, counting each inhalation and exhalation or simply observing the breath without trying to control it.

As thoughts, emotions, and sensations arise, the practitioner acknowledges them without judgment and gently returns their attention to the breath. The goal of Zen meditation is to cultivate a deep sense of awareness and acceptance of the present moment, free from distractions and mental chatter.

In Zen meditation, we let go of our thoughts and ideas, and simply be with what is." - Thich Nhat Hanh

Zen meditation is often practiced in a group setting, with the guidance of a teacher or experienced practitioner. It is also common to participate in extended periods of meditation, known as sesshin, which can last for several days or even weeks.

Zen meditation is known for its simplicity and emphasis on direct experience, rather than intellectual understanding or religious dogma. It has been shown to have many benefits, including reduced stress and anxiety, improved focus and concentration, and increased feelings of calm and inner peace.



Mantra meditation is a type of meditation that involves the repetition of a word, phrase, or sound, known as a mantra. The mantra is repeated silently or aloud, and the practitioner focuses on the sound and vibration of the mantra to quiet the mind and enter a state of deep relaxation.

"The repetition of a mantra can bring peace to the mind, joy to the heart, and harmony to the soul." - B.K.S. Iyengar

In mantra meditation, the practitioner may choose a mantra that has personal significance, or they may use a traditional mantra from a spiritual or religious tradition, such as "Om" or "Om Shanti". The mantra is repeated continuously for a set period of time, typically 15-20 minutes, while the practitioner sits comfortably with their eyes closed.

The repetition of the mantra is believed to help quiet the mind and bring the practitioner into a state of deep relaxation and inner peace. It can also help to reduce stress, anxiety, and negative thoughts, and promote feelings of calm and well-being.


Meditation is a powerful tool that can help improve our physical, mental, and emotional wellbeing. By exploring different meditation techniques and styles, we can find a practice that suits our individual needs and preferences.

Although there are many different approaches to meditation, there are also some common themes and principles that underlie them all, such as the importance of breath, mindfulness, and awareness.

By integrating meditation into our daily lives, we can experience numerous benefits, including reduced stress and anxiety, improved focus and concentration, and greater feelings of peace and happiness. Ultimately, developing a regular meditation practice can be a transformative journey that leads to a deeper understanding of ourselves and the world around us.


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